Ethiopia has a 3-8-2-2 formal education structure. There are three years of pre-primary school, which has an official entry age of four and is referred to as Kindergarten. Primary school has an official entry age of seven and a duration of eight grades; at the end of the cycle, students sit for a national examination that results in the Grade 8 Completion Certificate. Secondary school is divided into two cycles: lower secondary and upper secondary.
Lower secondary, which is known as Secondary First Cycle, consists of grades 9-10 and culminates in the Ethiopian General Secondary Education Certificate; upper secondary, which is known as Secondary Second Cycle Preparatory Programme, consists of grades 11-12 and culminates in the Ethiopian Higher Education Entrance Certificate. In addition, Ethiopia has multiple upper secondary vocational education tracks that last up to three years (ISCED 2011 mapping for 2016 school year).